Psychosocial aspect of quality of life among working and unemployed nurses and midwives

Marta Czekirda 1, Paweł Chruściel 1, Neomi Czekirda 2, Mirosław J Jarosz 3
1 - Department of Basic Nursing and Medical Teaching, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lublin, Poland
2 - Center of Oncology of Lublin Region, Lublin, Poland
3 - Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Economics and Innovation, Lublin, Poland; Department of Biostatistics, Demography and Epidemiology, Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med

ICID: 1235172
Article type: Original article
 
 
Abstract
Objective.
The objective of the study was to explain differences in the subjective evaluation of the psychological and social aspects of quality of life in a group of working and unemployed nurses and midwives.
Materials and method. The survey was conducted in a group of 620 professionally-active and inactive people (315 nurses and 305 midwives), selected by random stratified-systematic sampling. The tool used to gather empirical material was the standardized questionnaire WHOQoL-100.
Results. Professionally-active nurses evaluated the mental domain less favourably (M=12.33), compared with unemployed nurses (M=12.73), and the difference between average values was statistically significant (p=.043). It is also worth noting that in the group of midwives there were significant differences in each discussed domain. The unemployed respondents evaluated more positively the overall quality of life (M=14.29; p=.005) and the mental domain (M=12.85; p=.009), while the social domain was evaluated less favourably by the professionally-active midwives (M=12.73; p=.022).
Conclusions. Paradoxically, those who were unemployed made slightly more positive evaluations in comparison with the professionally active. Professional work is not a factor preferably affecting the quality of life and its psychosocial dimension. The higher quality of life of the unemployed respondents may result from the buffering impact of social support.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1235172
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