Variations in physical activity of male and female students from the Ukraine in health-promoting life style
Józef Bergier 1, Barbara Bergier 1, Anatolii Tsos 2 1 - Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland 2 - Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland; Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Lutsk, Ukraine Ann Agric Environ Med
ICID: 1230674 Article type: Original article
Introduction. A large-scale research was performed concerning issues relating to physical activity as an important factor in a healthy lifestyle and involved observing the differences among males and females as future elites of the Ukraine. Objective. The objective of the research is to assess the physical activity of students from the Ukraine, considering such factors as: gender, leisure time, time spent sitting, sports performed or intended to be performed, and the BMI. Materials and method. The extended version of the IPAQ, supplemented with 3 original questions by the authors, was applied to a 2,125-strong student group from 12 majors of the University of Luck, Ukraine. Results. Students from Ukraine portrayed a positive picture of physical activity with significantly higher values in male students of both total activity and its fields, i.e. sports activity and work (studying). The male students performed better in their fitness (condition) self-assessment and the amount of time spent sitting, whereas the female students had better BMI results. Both genders differed considerably in their choice of sport-recreational activities. Conclusions. Females more than males demonstrated lower indices of participation in physical activity, which did not permit the formulation of a positive assessment of their lifestyle. A positive phenomenon is the normal BMI and trace values of overweight in women, exactly the reverse to males.