Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol (DON) in wheat flours in Guilan Province, northern Iran

Reza Kazemi Darsanaki 1, Khosro Issazadeh 2, Morteza Azizollahi Aliabadi 2, Mohammad Mohammad Doost Chakoosari 2
1 - Young Researchers and Elites Club, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
2 - Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
Ann Agric Environ Med
2015; 22 (1):
ICID: 1141366
Article type: Original article
 
 
Introduction and objective. Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of several mycotoxins produced by certain Fusarium species that frequently infect wheat, corn, rice, oats, barley and other grains in the field or during storage. Guilan, Golestan and Mazandaran areas are located in the North Iran with favorite conditions for Fusarium growth. DON affects animal and human health causing vomiting, acute temporary nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, and fever.
Materials and methods. In this study, a total of 96 wheat flour samples of different types were collected during summer 2013 from six flour mills in Northern Iran. All samples were analyzed for DON by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results. DON was detected in 80 out of 96 wheat flour samples (83.33%), at levels ranging from 23 to1270 µg/kg. The maximum contamination level of DON (1270 μg/kg) was found in whole flour while the minimum value (23 μg/kg) was registered in debranned flour. The mean of contamination was 630.53 µg/kg.
Conclusions. According to results obtained, incidence and contamination levels of DON, seem to be a serious problem for public health. Therefore, cereal and cereal based foods should be controlled for the presence of toxins, storage conditions and moisture content, which is considered a major factor in the growth of the Fusarium fungi.

DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1141366
PMID 25780825 - click here to show this article in PubMed
  FULL TEXT STATS

Recommend this article to:

Name:
E-mail:
From:
Language:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Fusarium graminearum [0 related records]
     ELISA [244 related records]
     wheat flours [0 related records]
     deoxynivalenol [13 related records]



 

Related articles

R Ataee, M Kahani,
Staphylococcal Enterotoxin A Detection from Rheuma...
Direct detection of microbial super antigens in synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis may be able to guide to the design of cost-effective therapies. The purpose of this study was to assess the existence of Staphylococcal enterotoxin A...
ABSTRACT
, ,
 SEROPREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGE...
 BACKGROUND Infection with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important global health problem. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) induced liver disease is the tenth cause of death worldwide with 500,000 to 1.2 million deaths per year due to chronic hepatitis...
ABSTRACT
, ,
 PREVALENCE AND DETECTION OF GENOTYPE OF HEPA...
 BACKGROUND Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is commonest blood borne infection among haemodialysis patients. Despite reduction of Hepatitis C prevalence after recognition of the virus and testing of blood products, haemodialysis patients ...
ABSTRACT